Geothermal energy is the heat from the earth. It is clean and sustainable energy. It is considered a renewable energy source because of a reuse system that reinjects water back to the ground after the steam is condensed and cooled. The heat emanating from the interior of the earth is essentially limitless. Geothermal power plants capture this heat and convert it to energy in the form of electricity.
The proposed Ngozi geothermal project will take place in Mbeya Region (Mbeya rural and Rungwe districts). Currently, resource exploration and reconnaissance activities have been completed for the sites and confirmation of the drilling site location for drilling phase (prefeasibility study). It is planned to drill geothermal exploration wells at Ngozi to prove the resource and develop the area. If a commercial viable resource is found, production and reinjection wells will be drilled followed by the construction of a pilot geothermal power plant.
Tanzania Geothermal Development Company Limited (TGDC) was incorporated in December 2013 as a subsidiary company of Tanzania Electric Supply Company Limited (TANESCO) and became operational in July 2014. The company is exclusively dealing with geothermal development in the country. The Company is headed by the General Manager who reports to the Board of Directors. The General Manager is assisted by three Directors who are responsible for Technical Services, Business Development Services and Corporate Affairs. Currently, TGDC has 37 staff (by October, 2015) of diverse backgrounds, skills and experiences. Most of the staff are of technical backgrounds in the areas of geosciences, engineering, environment and economics.
A megawatt is a unit of power in the metric system.
Yes, TGDC is required under national law. In addition international guidelines of donors and lenders require a robust environmental and social assessment to be undertaken.
An ESIA has three main activities: screening, scoping and detailed ESIA study. Screening and scoping occur at the beginning of the ESIA study. Screening categorises the Project. Ngozi is a Category A project which means the ESIA needs a high level of detail. Scoping early in the ESIA aims to identify the main Project impacts and the appropriate assessment methodologies for them. Scoping also provides an opportunity for stakeholders such as yourselves to be informed about the Project and comment on the proposed approach to undertaking the ESIA to ensure it will address your concerns.
Members of the public will have an opportunity to take part at various stages: right now during the scoping phase. Another round of public consultations will be held to discuss the results of the ESIA. We have established an email address (firstname.lastname@example.org) and we encourage contact, opinions and queries throughout the ESIA study. We will visit the Project area and are happy to meet with stakeholders and discuss the ESIA study activities and findings to date.